All Articles in Japanese

Resources and articles related to Japanese language

This is an overview over selected country names as spelled in kanji (ateji). Country names in Japanese are usually spelled in katakana, as they were often translated from other languages, such as English, Portuguese or Spanish. Neighbouring Asian countries as well as nations of historical significance to Japan are spelled Read more

Japanese Slang

Categories: Japanese
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Below find an alphabetical list of the most common Japanese slang expressions and patois. Most of these phrases are used extensively in daily life. Note that some of them are very rude. We will continually work on expanding this list. If you happen to know any other colloquial phrases or Read more

Below find an overview over all the Japanese verb conjugations, including all irregular verbs. For more specific information on how each conjugation is used refer to the appropriate links. In modern Japanese, two types of words are conjugated: Verbs Verbal adjectives Verbs have five conjugations in modern Japanese, verbal adjectives Read more

Below find a concise list of the most common Japanese terms related to health and medicine. Expressing symptoms Inner Organs Hospitals and medical personnel Medication and drugs Find an overview on Japanese terms relating to body parts here. Recommended reading: Lang Tech: Japanese on Non-Japanese systems | Encoding | Translation Read more

Body parts in Japanese

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Below find a concise list of the most common Japanese terms for body parts. Recommended reading: Lang Tech: Japanese on Non-Japanese systems | Encoding | Translation Tools | Language-related resources | Downloads | Pronunciation | Forum | Japanese Writing System: Hiragana | Katakana | Furigana | Rōmaji | Kanji Intro Read more

Comparative Forms

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This is an overview over comparative forms in the Japanese language. When comparing two objects or factors the Japanese often use the particle より (yori), meaning “from”, to describe that viewed from object “A”, object “B” is heavier, smaller, more interesting, etc. The structure is then as follows: “A”より”B”が面白い。“A” yori Read more

This is a brief overview over how to make requests in the Japanese language. Inviting someone to do something By using a negative question you can invite someone to do something. For detailed instructions on how to construct negative forms and question, please refer to the negative forms and interrogative Read more

Dubitative Forms

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Dubitative forms are used to express doubt, or an assumption. The dubitative is very closely related to the subjunctive in Japanese. Rentaikei + かな (ka na) or かなあ (ka naa) This is a simple dubitative. It illustrates a certain amount of doubt you have concerning the statement you just made. Read more

Negation, or the basic negative form, in the Japanese language is created by placing the verbal adjective ない (nai) after the mizenkei conjugation of the verb. In the colloquial language ない (nai) after a verb is often abbreviated to ん (n). 雨が降らない。 (Ame ga furanai.It isn’t raining. バスが高くないです。Basu ga takakunai Read more

This is a brief overview over the usage of direct and indirect speech in the Japanese language. In order to convey information given by other people, direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech, is used. In Japanese language quoting and citing, or direct and indirect speech are constructed Read more

Japanese Clauses

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Clauses are combinations of two or more sentences. They can describe contradictions, cause and effect, similarity, conditionality, and simultaneous and consecutive actions. Find an overview over the most common Japanese clauses below. Using the rentaikei This is the most common and versatile form. What you basically do is make two Read more

Passive Forms

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Passive forms are also known as “passive voice” in English. It is translated as “being done”. This form cannot be combined with verbal adjectives. The passive form can be created by adding either れる (reru) or られる (rareru) to the mizenkei conjugation of respectively Group 4 (yodan katsuyou) and Group Read more

This is a short overview over gendered language in colloquial Japanese. In spoken Japanese a distinction is made between male and female language. Most of these differences pertain to the use of certain words, though especially the informal speech has a slightly different grammar for women and men. Gender Differences Read more

Interrogative Forms

Categories: Japanese
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Interrogative forms in Japanese are relatively simple. In order to create basic questions the question particle か (ka) is added after the closing verb. The word order in Japanese does not change, though the inflection does. In the spoken language か is sometimes dropped. When the question particle か is Read more

Prohibitive Forms

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This is a brief overview over prohibitive forms in the Japanese language. The prohibitive form is used to forbid someone to do something or to strongly urge someone to refrain from doing something. Do not! The rentaikei + な (na) construction is used to create strong prohibitives. 飲むな。Nomu na.Don’t drink! Read more