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Articles from Takasugi

About Author

Takasugi
My name is TAKASUGI Shinji. TAKASUGI is my family name, and Shinji is my given name; a family name is placed before a given name in Japan, as in other Asian nations. My family name is capitalized to avoid misunderstanding.

I have been living in Yokohama since I was born. Yokohama is the second largest city in Japan, which is just 30 kilometers away from the biggest city Tôkyô. It takes 30 minutes to go by train from home to Shibuya, which is the hottest town now in Tôkyô.

I work as a display engineer.

One of my hobbies is creating things with computers; creating programs, computer graphics and web pages is the thing I spent a lot of time doing. I am also interested in a wide range of sciences, and linguistics is my favorite. I like English and I like using it, but my focus is mainly on Japanese, which is my native language. I'm proud of knowing the language, and the difference between English and Japanese has been fascinating me. I have been thinking whether I can introduce it to people outside of Japan. My attempt of introducing Japanese with some Java applets has had more than 1 million visitors.
  1. Dialogue 2

    9.2. Dialogue 2 In this dialogue, Shô meets two students from overseas. One is a boy from the U.S., and the other is a girl from China. しょう : はじめまして。 Romanization: Ha zi me ma si te . Structure: (nice to meet you, interjection) (continued) ぼくはすぎやましょうです。 Romanization: Bo ku wa Su gi ya ma Shô...
  2. Dialogue 1

    9.1. Dialogue 1 I will explain Japanese grammar using dialogues from now on. In the first dialogue, a kid named しょう "Syô" comes home and he has a tea break with his mother ひろこ "Hiroko". しょう : ただいま。 Romanization: Ta da i ma . Structure: (I'm back, interjection) It's good manners to say this...
  3. Plants

    8.9. Plants 8.9.1. Flowers I have already explained chrysanthemum and cherry blossom. つつじ tu tu zi Japanese azalea ひまわり hi ma wa ri sunflower ゆり yu ri lily らん ra n orchid たんぽぽ ta n po po dandelion ばら ba ra rose あじさい a zi sa i hydrangea はす ha su lotus 8.9.2. Trees まつ ma tu pine すぎ su...
  4. Invertebrates

    8.8. Invertebrates 8.8.1. Molluscs All of the molluscs listed here except snails are edible. (Escargots are not so popular in Japan.) たこ ta ko octopus いか i ka squid はまぐり ha ma gu ri clam あさり a sa ri short-necked clam For your interest: This is the most popular shellfish in Japan. しじみ si...
  5. Vertebrates

    8.7. Vertebrates 8.7.1. The Chinese zodiac You might have heard of the Chinese zodiac. Each year is associated to one of the twelve animals in Chinese custom, and it is used mainly for fortune-telling. Japanese people also know the twelve animals, whether they believe fortune-telling or not....
  6. Space-time

    8.6. Space-time 8.6.1. Directions All of the direction words in Japanese are nouns, while the English words up and down are not nouns. -うえ u e up, upper-ひだり hi da ri left-みぎ mi gi right-した si ta down, lower- まえうしる ma e forwardu si ro backward -きた ki ta north-にし ni si west-ひがし hi ga si...
  7. Colors

    8.5. Colors First of all, please note that the colors you see on your computer screen are highly dependent on your particular system. Different systems often display different colors. The color files used here are adjusted for my system. 8.5.1. Basic color names All Japanese color names are...
  8. Kinship

    8.4. Kinship 8.4.1. Kinship reference terms Japanese kinship terms have two categories: reference terms and address terms. The latter is used to call your family without using their name, like the English words dad and mom. Kinship reference terms are never used to call them directly. Kana:おや...
  9. Body parts

    8.3. Body parts 8.3.1. Head Kana:あたま Romanization:a ta ma Meaning:head Kana:かお Romanization:ka o Meaning:face Kana:かお Romanization:ka o Meaning:face Kana:め Romanization:me Meaning:eye For your interest: In Japanese culture, the eyes are the most important part of the face. Japanese has...
  10. Demonstratives

    8.2. Demonstratives 8.2.1. Three locations Demonstratives are words to point something based on its location. "This" and "that" are English demonstratives. They can also be used to point something talked about in a conversation, such as "That's a nice idea." English demonstratives and similar...
  11. Pronouns

    8.1. Pronouns You might think learning pronouns after learning verbs and adjectives is strange, because many language courses begin with the pronouns. But as far as Japanese is concerned, you don't have to learn pronouns first, because there is no grammatical difference between pronouns and...
  12. Questions

    7.9. Questions 7.9.1. Colloquial questions It is quite easy to ask a question in colloquial Japanese. Simply say a sentence with a raising pitch at the end. Kana:きょうはさむい。 Romanization:Kyô wa sa mu i . Structure:(noun, today) (topic marker) (adjective, is cold) Meaning:It is cold today....
  13. Emotion markers

    7.8. Emotion markers 7.8.1. Sentence-final particles Japanese has several communication-oriented particles to clarify a speaker's intention. Let's call them emotion markers here. You have learned two other kinds of particles: case markers (postpositions), such as the nominative marker が "ga",...
  14. Negative forms

    7.7. Negative forms 7.7.1. Negative forms of verbs First of all, I would like to explain the difference between verbs and adjectives in Japanese. You have learned that Japanese adjectives have inflection like verbs, but their ways of inflection are quite different; nonpast-form verbs end with...
  15. Relative clauses

    7.6.1. Relative clauses and verbs A relative clause has a main noun and an explanatory phrase that are combined in a grammatical way, and it has a base structure. For instance, "a picture that the artist drew" is a relative clause, where "picture" is a main noun and "the artist drew" is an...
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