History List of Japanese Emperors

By JREF · Jan 26, 2012 · ·
  1. JREF
    660 BC – current times
    Japan’s imperial family traces its descendants from Jimmu, circa 660 BC. The list shows Japan’s ruling Emperors, eight ruling Empresses, as well as the six Emperors of the Northern Court (北朝 hokuchō, also known as the “Ashikaga Pretenders” or “Northern Pretenders”, pretending to the throne of Japan during the Nanboku-chō period from 1336 through 1392; the present Japanese imperial family is a descendant of the Northern Court Emperors) from Jimmu 660 BC to Emperor Akihito in 2012.

    In Japan, the emperor is never referred to by his given name, but instead is referred to as “His Imperial Majesty the Emperor”, shortened to “His Imperial Majesty” (陛下 Heika).

    In the history of Japan, Empress Go-Sakuramachi (1740-1813) was the last of eight women to take on the role of empress regnant. The seven female monarchs who reigned before Go-Sakuramachi were Suiko, Kōgyoku/Saimei, Jitō, Gemmei, Genshō, Kōken/Shōtoku, and Meishō. They are indicated in the list below by the abbreviation “Empr”.

    List of Emperors Past and Present:

    Japanese emperors were, and are known by the name, or names of their reigns. If the name of the Emperor in column one of the list is known, it is given. In the case of the present Emperor Akihito and his predecessor, Hirohito, the names of their reigns are given. In the list below, the dates are first the date or year assumed duties of Emperor, second is the date of coronation if different from the first date (shown in parentheses), and third is the date or year of the end of the reign.

    The Emperor Today
    The reigning Emperor Akihito (明仁) is the 125th emperor of his line according to Japan’s traditional order of succession. His reign is called Heisei (平成), meaning “the achievement of complete peace on earth and in the heavens”.



    NAME (Reign) REIGN BEGAN (coronation) REIGN ENDED

    Emperor Akihito (明仁)(Heisei 平成) 1989 - (1990) present
    Shōwa (昭和天皇 Shōwa tennō) 1926 - (1928) 1989
    Taishō (大正天皇 Taishō-tennō) 1912 - (1915) 1926
    Meiji (明治天皇 Meiji-tennō) 1866 - (1868) 1912
    ------------ Edo Period 江戸時代 Edo jidai (1603–1868) --------------
    Meiji (明治天皇 Meiji-tennō) 1866 - (1868) 1912
    Kōmei (孝明天皇 Kōmei-tennō) 1847 1866
    Ninkō (仁孝天皇 Ninkō-tennō) 1817 1846
    Kōkaku (光格天皇 Kōkaku-tennō) 1780 1817
    Go-Momozono (後桃園天皇 Go-Momozono-tennō) 1771 1779
    Empr. Go-Sakuramachi (後桜町天皇 Go-Sakuramachi-tennō) 1763 1770
    Momozono (桃園天皇 Momozono-tennō) 1747 1762
    Sakuramachi (桜町天皇 Sakuramachi-tennō) 1735 1747
    Nakamikado (中御門天皇 Nakamikado-tennō) 1710 1735
    Higashiyama (東山天皇 Higashiyama-tennō) 1687 1709
    Reigen (霊元天皇 Reigen-tennō) 1663 1687
    Go-Sai (後西天皇 Go-Sai-tennō) 1656 1663
    Go-Kōmyō (後光明天皇 Go-Kōmyō-tennō) 1643 1654
    Empr. Meishō (明正天皇 Meishō-tennō) 1630 1643
    Go-Mizunoo (後水尾天皇 Go-Mizunoo-tennō) 1611 1629
    Go-Yōzei (後陽成天皇 Go-Yōzei-tennō) 1586 1611
    - Azuchi-Momoyama period 安土桃山時代 Azuchi-Momoyama jidai (1573–1603)-
    Go-Yōzei (後陽成天皇 Go-Yōzei-tennō) 1586 1611
    Ōgimachi (正親町天皇 Ōgimachi-tennō) 1557 1586
    -------- Muromachi period 室町時代 Muromachi jidai (1336–1571) -------
    Ōgimachi (正親町天皇 Ōgimachi-tennō) 1557 1586
    Go-Nara (後奈良天皇 Go-Nara-tennō) 1526 1557
    Go-Kashiwabara (後柏原天皇 Go-Kashiwabara-tennō) 1500 1526
    Go-Tsuchimikado (後土御門天皇 Go-tsuchimikado-tennō) 1465 1500
    Go-Hanazono (後花園天皇 Go-Hanazono-tennō) 1428 1464
    Shōkō (称光天皇 Shōkō-tennō) 1412 (1414) 1428
    Go-Komatsu (後小松天皇 Go-Komatsu-tennō) 1392 1412
    Go-Kameyama (後亀山天皇 Go-Kameyama Tennō) 1383 1392
    Chōkei (長慶天皇 Chōkei-tennō) 1368 (?) 1383
    Go-Murakami (後村上天皇 Go-Murakami-tennō) 1339 (?) 1368
    ----------- Northern Court 北朝 Hokuchō (1333–1392) -----------------
    Go-Komatsu (後小松天皇 Go-Komatsu-tennō) 1382 1392
    Go-En'yū (後円融天皇 Go-En'yū-tennō) 1371 1382
    Go-Kōgon (後光厳天皇 Go-Kōgon-tennō) 1352 1371
    Sukō (崇光天皇 Sukō Tennō) 1348 1351
    Kōmyō (光明天皇 Kōmyō Tennō) 1336 1348
    Kōgon (光厳天皇 Kōgon-tennō) 1332 1334
    ----------- Kamakura Period 平安時代 Heian jidai (1185–1333) ---------
    Go-Daigo (後醍醐天皇 Go-Daigo-tennō) 1318 1339
    Hanazono (花園天皇 Hanazono-tennō) 1308 1318
    Go-Nijō (後二条天皇 Go-Nijō-tennō) 1301 1308
    Go-Fushimi (後伏見天皇 Go-Fushimi-tennō) 1298 1301
    Fushimi (伏見天皇 Fushimi-tennō) ~1288 1298
    Go-Uda (後宇多天皇 Go-Uda-tennō) 1274 1287
    Kameyama (亀山天皇 Kameyama-tennō) 1259 1274
    Go-Fukakusa (後深草天皇 Go-Fukakusa-tennō) 1246 1259
    Go-Saga (後嵯峨天皇 Go-Saga-tennō) 1242 1246
    Shijō (四条天皇 Shijō-tennō) 1232 1242
    Go-Horikawa (後堀河天皇 Go-Horikawa-tennō) 1221 1232
    Chūkyō (仲恭天皇 Chūkyō-tennō) 1221 1221
    Juntoku (順徳天皇 Juntoku-tennō) 1210 1221
    Tsuchimikado (土御門天皇 Tsuchimikado-tennō) 1198 1210
    Go-Toba (後鳥羽天皇 Go-Toba-tennō) 1183 (1184) 1198
    --------- Heian Period 鎌倉時代 Kamakura jidai (794–1185) -----------
    Antoku (安徳天皇 Antoku-tennō) 1180 1183
    Takakura (高倉天皇 Takakura-tennō) 1168 1180
    Rokujō (六条天皇 Rokujō-tennō) 1165 1168
    Nijō (二条天皇 Nijō-tennō) 1158 1165
    Go-Shirakawa (後白河天皇 Go-Shirakawa-tennō) 1155 1158
    Konoe (近衛天皇 Konoe-tennō) 1141 1155
    Sutoku (崇徳天皇 Sutoku-tennō) 1123 1141
    Toba (鳥羽天皇 Toba-tennō) 1107 1123
    Horikawa (堀河天皇 Horikawa-tennō) 1086 1107
    Shirakawa (白河天皇 Shirakawa-tennō) 1072 1086
    Go-Sanjō (後三条天皇 Go-Sanjō-tennō) 1068 1072
    Go-Reizei (後冷泉天皇 Go-Reizei-tennō) 1045 1068
    Go-Suzaku (後朱雀天皇 Go-Suzaku-tennō) 1036 1045
    Go-Ichijō (後一条天皇 Go-Ichijō-tennō) 1016 1036
    Sanjō (三条天皇 Sanjō-tennō) 1011 1016
    Ichijō (一条天皇 Ichijō-tennō) 986 1011
    Kazan (花山天皇 Kazan-tennō) 984 986
    En'yū (円融天皇 En'yū-tennō) 969 984
    Reizei (冷泉天皇 Reizei-tennō) 967 969
    Murakami (村上天皇 Murakami-tennō) 946 967
    Suzaku (朱雀天皇 Suzaku-tennō) 930 946
    Daigo (醍醐天皇 Daigo-tennō) 897 930
    Uda (宇多天皇 Uda-tennō) 887 897
    Kōkō (光孝天皇 Kōkō-tennō) 884 887
    Yōzei (陽成天皇 Yōzei-tennō) 876 (877) 884
    Seiwa (清和天皇 Seiwa-tennō) 858 876
    Montoku (文徳天皇 Montoku-tennō) 850 858
    Ninmyō (仁明天皇 Ninmyō-tennō) 833 850
    Junna (淳和天皇 Junna-tennō) 823 833
    Saga (嵯峨天皇 Saga-tennō) 809 823
    Heizei (平城天皇 Heizei-tennō) 806 809
    ----------- Nara Period 奈良時代 Nara jidai 710–794) -------------
    Kammu (桓武天皇 Kanmu-tennō) 781 806
    Kōnin (光仁天皇 Kōnin-tennō) 770 781
    Empr. Shōtoku (称徳天皇 Shōtoku-tennō) 764 770
    Junnin (淳仁天皇 Junnin-tennō) 758 764
    Empr. Kōken (孝謙天皇 Kōken-tennō) 749 758
    Shōmu (聖武天皇 (Shōmu-tennō) 724 749
    Empr. Genshō (元正天皇 Genshō-tennō) 715 724
    ----------- Asuka Period 飛鳥時代 Asuka jidai (592–710)-------------
    Empr. Gemmei (元明天皇 Gemmei-tennō) 707 715
    Mommu (文武天皇 Monmu-tennō) 697 707
    Empr. Jitō (持統天皇 Jitō-tennō) ~690 697
    Temmu (天武天皇 Tenmu-tennō) ~673 686
    Kōbun (弘文天皇 Kōbun-tennō) 671 672
    Tenji (天智天皇 Tenji-tennō) ~662 671
    Empr. Saimei (斉明天皇 Saimei-tennō) ~655 661
    Kōtoku (孝徳天皇 Kōtoku-tennō) 645 654
    Empr. Kōgyoku (皇極天皇 Kōgyoku-tennō) ~642 645
    Jomei (舒明天皇 Jomei-tennō) ~629 641
    Empr. Suiko (推古天皇 Suiko-tennō) 592 628
    Sushun (崇峻天皇 Sushun-tennō) 587 592
    Yōmei (用明天皇 Yōmei-tennō) 585 587
    Bidatsu (敏達天皇 Bidatsu-tennō) ~572 585
    Kimmei (欽明天皇 Kinmei-tennō) 539 571
    ---------------- Kofun Period 古墳時代 Kofun jidai) -----------------
    Senka (宣化天皇 Senka-tennō) 535 539
    Ankan (安閑天皇 Ankan-tennō) 531 535
    Keitai (継体天皇 Keitai-tennō) ~507 531
    Buretsu (武烈天皇 Buretsu-tennō) 498 506
    Ninken (仁賢天皇 Ninken-tennō) ~488 498
    Kenzō (顕宗天皇 Kenzō-tennō) ~485 487
    Seinei (清寧天皇 Seinei-tennō) ~480 484
    Yūryaku (雄略天皇 Yūryaku-tennō) 456 479
    Ankō (安康天皇 Ankō-tennō) 453 456
    Ingyō (允恭天皇 Ingyō-tennō) ~412 453
    Hanzei (反正天皇 Hanzei-tennō) ~406 410
    Richū (履中天皇 Richū-tennō) ~400 405
    Nintoku (仁徳天皇 Nintoku-tennō) ~313 399
    Ōjin (応神天皇 Ōjin-tennō) ~270 310
    ----------------------- Legendary Emperors ------------------------
    Chūai (仲哀天皇 Chūai-tennō) ~192 210
    ---- Empr. Jingu Kogo Jingū (神功天皇 Jingū tennō) 201 - 269 (regent)
    Seimu (成務天皇 Seimu-tennō) ~130 190
    Keikō (景行天皇, Keikō-tennō) ~71 130
    Suinin (垂仁天皇 Suinin-tennō) 29 BC 70 AD
    Sujin (崇神天皇 Sujin-tennō) ~97 30
    Kaika (開化天皇 Kaika-tennō) 158 98
    Kōgen (孝元天皇 Kōgen-tennō) 214 158
    Kōrei (孝霊天皇 Kōrei-tennō) 290 215
    Kōan (孝安天皇 Kōan-tennō) 392 291
    Kōshō (孝昭天皇, Kōshō-tennō) 475 393
    Itoku (懿徳天皇 Itoku-tennō) 510 477
    Annei (安寧天皇 Annei-tennō) 549 511
    Suizei(綏靖天皇 Suizei-tennō) 581 549
    Jimmu (神武天皇 Jinmu-tennō) ~660 585 BC


    Links:

Comments

In order to add your comment please sign up and become a member of JREF through the registration form at the top right of the page; you can also sign up under your Facebook, Twitter, or Google+ account.
  1. Guest
    I would like to know the address of the person who wrote the above article…

    Thank you.

    Midori (Nakashima) Beckham
    1. thomas
      Midori-san, you can always contact us by clicking the Contact link in the footer menu.
  1. This site uses cookies to help personalise content, tailor your experience and to keep you logged in if you register.
    By continuing to use this site, you are consenting to our use of cookies.
    Dismiss Notice