The meireikei (命令形) is used as an imperative and placed at the end of the sentence as the main verb. The use of this form should be avoided since it is often quite offensive and insulting.
手を挙げろ! Te wo age ro! Put your hands up!
お金をくれ! O-kane wo kure! Give me your money!
こっちへ来い! Kocchi e koi! Come here!
死ね! Shine! Die!
頑張れ! Ganbare! Go for it! / Keep going!
Verbal adjectives and the meireikei
Verbal adjectives do not have a meireikei conjugation, as you cannot order someone to be blue or small.
The meireikei of honorific verbs
Honorific verbs are often encountered in the meireikei conjugation. As these verbs are honorific of their own, the meireikei conjugation is neither rude nor impolite.
これを下さい。 Kore wo kudasai. I'll have this one. (Give me this.)
おやすみなさい。 O-yasumi nasai. Good night. (Literally: Rest!)
いらっしゃい。 Irasshai. Come in.
召し上がれ。 Meshi agare. Eat.
Making the imperative more polite
Also the polite form ～ます (-masu) can be made into an imperative. This form is often combined with the honorific verbs. This increases the politeness of the “order” even further.
これを下さいませ。 Kore wo kudasaimase. I'll have this one. (Give me this.)
勉強しなさいませ。 Benkyō shi nasaimase. Study! (Teacher to students.)
いらっしゃいませ。 Irasshaimase. Come in.
召し上がりませ。 Meshi agarimase. Eat.
Note: The -masu form is connected to the ren’youkei, not the meireikei.
Note: The meireikei conjugation of group 2 verbs is often followed by the emphatic particles よ (yo) or ろ (ro). ろ (ro) is stronger than よ (yo), so if you want to be particularly rude or forceful “ro” is your choice.
Group 2 conjugations to eat to see Rentaikei 食べる taberu 見る miru Meireikei 食べよ/ろtabe yo/ro 見よ/ろ mi yo/ro
Group 4 conjugations to write to buy to wait to lend Rentaikei 書く kaku 買う kau 待つ matsu 貸す kasu Meireikei 書け kake 買え kae 待て mate 貸せ kase
Irregular verbs to do to come Rentaike する suru 来る kuru Meireikei しよ/ろ､せよ/ろ､せい shi yo/ro, se yo/ro, sei 来い koi
Irregular conjugations to speak to give to do Rentaikei 仰る ossharu 下さる kudasaru 為さる nasaru Meireikei 仰い osshai 下さい kudasai 為さい nasai
Irregular conjugations there is/are / to come / to go (living beings) there is/are (objects) Rentaikei いらっしゃる irassharu 御座る gozaru Meireikei いらっしゃい irasshai 御座い gozai