1. Alright, let's get to work!
    Although there's still some misunderstandings in my previous exercises, I don't want to wait too long before getting to work. No time to be lazy.
    New Particles
    So I practiced で & を which was rather easy. へ is part of the easy particles too. I think に is a harder one. I'd actually classify them like this:
    Hardest ones:
    は、が、に
    Medium:
    で、も
    Easy ones:
    を、へ、の

    Exercises
    #1:
    upload_2018-7-14_12-38-5.png
    I'll try to provide more commentary as this seems to help out to teach me the language.
    ① I think 「わたしは子供たち」is the direct object of 「連れて生きる」, so I'd say the answer is 「を」.
    ② This is a clear-cut case of a of a method or tool to carry out an action, which in this instance is used in combination with 「連れて生きる」, the verb of the sentence.
    ③ I'd say here because of: after a noun, indicates the direction or the destination of an action. The noun here is お祭り which is the festival. It all makes sense.
    Comments:
    Spot on for all three.
    #2:
    upload_2018-7-14_13-2-19.png
    Ok so this one is a bit harder.
    ①京都 is the destination. Apparently, へ & に are often interchangeable. But I'd go with へ.

    For the second one, the person is basically asking if it's the right method of going to 京都. So I'd say で.
    Comments:
    Yup, I'm right on this one too.
    upload_2018-7-14_13-53-42.png

    ①「喫茶店」is where the action (verb:(ごちそう).) takes place. So I would go with for this one.
    ② At first, I thought 「彼女」was the direct object but then I caught myself. Actually, the direct object is sandwich. I mean it's kind of puzzling here since it's not really "buy" but rather "treat". So depending on the translation, you could say that 「彼女」is the direct object of "treat". But I'll take the translation provided here.
    So it'd say : shows that someone is involved in or influenced by an action.
    ③ Like I said in ②, the sandwich is the thing that was bought, so .
    Comments:
    Yup, spot on. I got it again.
    upload_2018-7-14_14-21-50.png

    ① I'd say it's a destination thing here, so I'll go with .
    ② follows 新聞, a newspaper. That's the method used to find something so I'd go with .
    ③ 「探しています」is the verb, which means to look for something. The apartment is the direct object of that verb, so .
    Comments:
    Yup, got it again.
    upload_2018-7-14_15-3-32.png
    ①わたしの鉛筆 is a noun phrase and the direct object of 「置いた 」.
    ② どこ shows the place where an object is, so this is a case of .
    Comments
    Yup, got it again.
    upload_2018-7-14_15-10-56.png
    So in this sentence the verb is 会いましょう.
    ① 今晩何時: so there's definitely an element of time here, so we're dealing with either で or に. Regarding に: indicates the time that an action takes/took place. I'll go with . で can work too but not in that context I don't think.
    ② Again it's a matter of で vs に. I know that is used where an action takes place so I'll go with that I think in the sense of where do we meet.
    Comments:

    Yup, I got it again.
    upload_2018-7-14_15-29-39.png
    ① I think this is a matter of someone being influenced by an action, so I'll go with here.
    ② 日本語 is a language and therefore, a method, I'll go with here.
    ③手紙, a letter, is the direct object of 書きました, to write.
    Comments:
    Yup, got it again.
    upload_2018-7-14_15-47-18.png
    ① 船, the boat, is the method of transportation. So, .
    ② Hawaii is the destination here. Let's go with .
    ③ On one hand there's a destination involved here, on the other hand that's a location where an action is done, so I'm dubious. Either で or に. I think it's the destination of an action though so I'll go with .
    ④ this is just the object of the verb したい. So .
    Comments:
    Well, I made the mistake (1). It was 50/50 and I got the wrong one. I think by destination of an action is more who/what receives the action more than anything else.
    upload_2018-7-14_16-9-6.png
    ① I was about to pick で but there's some destination to take into account here, so .
    ② 自転車 is the method, .
    ③ パン is the direct object of 買える, to buy. So .
    Comments:
    Yup, got it again. It's a good thing I double-checked my answer.
    upload_2018-7-14_16-29-8.png
    ① Hmm... not sure how this one would go. There's a frequency of time involved here. Maybe shows the time period when the action occurs, so ? I'm not convinced though. So I read some more and read that に is used for frequencies. So .
    , 母 is the mother and affected by the action.
    ③ 電話 is the direct object of します, so .
    Comments:
    Yup, got it again.
    Considering how much detailing I've done, I'll leave this as part 1. If I do more in one entry it'll just end up too long to read anyway.
    Thanks for reading! Don't be shy to comment, it's always nice to interact.

Comments

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