English-to-Japanese translation problems for Lesson 3 Part 4

Discussion in '英語勉強フォーラム - Learning English' started by hirashin, Oct 21, 2018.

  1. hirashin

    hirashin Sempai
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    Dear native English speakers,
    would you check my sentences, please?
    問 次の英語を日本語に訳しなさい。
    1. China has greatly expanded their foreign trade in recent years.

    2. Japan is a major exporter of cars. (exporter =輸出する人,輸出国)

    3. I tried to throw the ball as far as possible.

    4. That song by Michael Jackson goes, "Heal the world. Make it a better place for you and for me and the entire human race". (heal = 癒やす,治す human race =人類 entire ~=~全体)
    [My translation] マイケル・ジャクソンのその歌は、こう言っています。「世界を癒やそう。世界をもっと良い場所にしよう。あなたにとって、私にとって、人類全体にとって」

    5. Jones is a very common name in Great Britain. (Great Britain = イギリス)

    6. Later, many scientists found Einstein's theory to be true. (Einstein = アインシュタインtheory = 理論)

    7. Positive attitude is the key to success in life.
    [My translation] 前向きな[/積極的な]態度[/考え方]は、人生で成功する鍵だ。

    8. Eating healthy food is good not only for your body but also for your mind.
    [My translation] 健康的な食べ物を食べることは、(あなたの)体だけでなく心(精神)にもいい。

    9. What do you mean by "You are what you eat"?
    [My translation]「あなたはあなたが食べたものである」とはどういう意味ですか。

    10. None of us have ever heard the elderly man speak of the war.
    [My translation] 私たちは[/の]誰もその老人が戦争の話をするのを聞いたことがない。

    11. Global warming is a major problem to the world. (global warming =地球温暖化)

    12. If you want to be more fluent in English, you should live in a country or an area where English is spoken in everyday life.

    13. The fire spread quickly through the building. (spread-spread-spread に注意すること)

    14. Overeating is a major health problem in Japan as well as in the U.S.
    [Should I use "obesity" instead of "overeating"? I'd like to use "overeating" because it appears in the text.]

    15. I've promised to finish the task by Friday, but it's going to be quite a challenge.
    (promise to ~ = ~すると約束する task = 仕事,作業)

    Thanks in advance.

    Hirashin
     
  2. Buntaro

    Buntaro 運動不足

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    #2 Buntaro, Oct 21, 2018
    Last edited: Oct 21, 2018
    Most are correct. But I have issues with 3, 11, and 14.

    3. I tried to throw the ball as far as possible.
    This is correct. But a more fluent way to say it is, “I tried to throw the ball as far as I could.”

    11. Global warming is a major problem to the world.
    Global warming is a major problem in the world.

    14. Overeating is a major health problem in Japan as well as in the U.S.
    Both “overeating” and “obese” are correct. The two meanings are different.
    Overeat = 食べ過ぎる (?)
    Obese = 太っている (?)
     
  3. hirashin

    hirashin Sempai
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    #3 hirashin, Oct 21, 2018
    Last edited: Oct 21, 2018
    Thanks for the help, Buntaro.

    As for 11, how about these?
    11a Global warming is a major problem to all the people on Earth.
    11b Global warming is a major problem to everyone on Earth.
    11c Global warming is a major problem to people all over the world.
    11d Global warming is a major problem to people around the world.
     
  4. Buntaro

    Buntaro 運動不足

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    I assume you want to use the "correct English" form so we need to use "for".

    These are all correct.
    11a Global warming is a major problem for all the people on Earth.
    11b Global warming is a major problem for everyone on Earth.
    11c Global warming is a major problem for people all over the world.
    11d Global warming is a major problem for people around the world.

    Best choice: Global warming is a major problem for everyone on Earth.
    Second best choice: Global warming is a major problem for everyone in the world.
     
  5. hirashin

    hirashin Sempai
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    Thanks for the help. Do American people also say "Global warming is a major problem to everyone on Earth"?
     
  6. mdchachi

    mdchachi Moderator
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    I would not say this. I would use for.
     
  7. hirashin

    hirashin Sempai
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    Thanks for the help, mdchachi.
     

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