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nuance of 事実上 and 実際

Discussion in 'Learning Japanese' started by Kraise, May 20, 2017.

  1. Kraise

    Kraise 先輩

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    Hello there once again guys.
    Its been some time since my last question, as I've been working in my post-grad .

    I'd like to ask for some guidance regarding the use of 事実上 and 実際

    as the dictionary entries are very closely related, despite the different usage examples
    じじつじょう【事実上】の意味 - goo国語辞書
    じっさい【実際】の意味 - goo国語辞書

    In the following lines:
    -北朝鮮事実上の弾道ミサイル発射 from :
    「北朝鮮ミサイル発射」という”大本営発表”(楊井人文) - 個人 - Yahoo!ニュース

    -老人医療の実際に目を向ける from:
    じっさい【実際】の意味 - goo国語辞書

    Both of them refer to things that are considered truths, facts. But there are different use cases.

    If I want to refer to "actual social problems" for example, which one would fit better:

    -That politician leverages on actual social problems
    1-あの政治家は事実上の社会問題を利用している
    2 -あの政治家は実際の社会問題を利用している

    Would someone provide me some insight on the 使いわけ of these words?

    thank you for your cooperation
     
  2. Toritoribe

    Toritoribe 松葉解禁
    Staff Member Moderator

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    事実上 is used in the context "it seems/is said ~ but actually ...". In the example about North Korea, North Korea insisted that it's a launch of a satellite, but actually it's a launch of a missile, so 事実上の is used there. 実際の doesn't have this meaning, but an adverbial phrase 実際(に)は means almost the same as 事実上, as in 北朝鮮の人工衛星は、実際(に)はミサイルだ(=事実上ミサイルだ), since this は works as the contrastive marker. Thus, #2 is correct in your example.
     
    • Thank you Thank you x 1
  3. Kraise

    Kraise 先輩

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    Thank you Toritoribe-san

    this matter has been bothering me for a while , finally managed to fix that with your explanation
     

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