nuance of 事実上 and 実際

Discussion in 'Learning Japanese' started by Kraise, May 20, 2017.

  1. Kraise

    Kraise 先輩

    Hello there once again guys.
    Its been some time since my last question, as I've been working in my post-grad .

    I'd like to ask for some guidance regarding the use of 事実上 and 実際

    as the dictionary entries are very closely related, despite the different usage examples
    じじつじょう【事実上】の意味 - goo国語辞書
    じっさい【実際】の意味 - goo国語辞書

    In the following lines:
    -北朝鮮事実上の弾道ミサイル発射 from :
    「北朝鮮ミサイル発射」という”大本営発表”(楊井人文) - 個人 - Yahoo!ニュース

    -老人医療の実際に目を向ける from:
    じっさい【実際】の意味 - goo国語辞書

    Both of them refer to things that are considered truths, facts. But there are different use cases.

    If I want to refer to "actual social problems" for example, which one would fit better:

    -That politician leverages on actual social problems
    2 -あの政治家は実際の社会問題を利用している

    Would someone provide me some insight on the 使いわけ of these words?

    thank you for your cooperation
  2. Toritoribe

    Toritoribe 禁漁期
    Staff Member Moderator

    事実上 is used in the context "it seems/is said ~ but actually ...". In the example about North Korea, North Korea insisted that it's a launch of a satellite, but actually it's a launch of a missile, so 事実上の is used there. 実際の doesn't have this meaning, but an adverbial phrase 実際(に)は means almost the same as 事実上, as in 北朝鮮の人工衛星は、実際(に)はミサイルだ(=事実上ミサイルだ), since this は works as the contrastive marker. Thus, #2 is correct in your example.
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  3. Kraise

    Kraise 先輩

    Thank you Toritoribe-san

    this matter has been bothering me for a while , finally managed to fix that with your explanation

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