Question "Where ( are / were ) Tom and Jim in the morning?"

Discussion in '英語勉強フォーラム - Learning English' started by hirashin, Sep 30, 2018.

  1. hirashin

    hirashin Sempai
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    Dear native English speakers,
    which verb would make sense in this conversation, are or were?
    "Where ( are / were ) Tom and Jim in the morning?" "I don't know."

    Hirashin
     
  2. mdchachi

    mdchachi Moderator
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  3. hirashin

    hirashin Sempai
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    Thanks, mdchachi. Can't you say "Where are Tom and Jim usually in the morning?" or "Where are Tom and Jim in the morning, usually?" etc...?
     
  4. Buntaro

    Buntaro 運動不足

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    Hirashin,

    1. "Where are Tom and Jim in the morning?"
    2. "Where were Tom and Jim in the morning?"

    Both sentences are correct. The meanings are different.

    Sentence 1. can mean "Where are Tom and Jim every morning?" or "Where are Tom and Jim every Wednesday in the morning?"

    Sentence 2. can mean, "It is now 3:00 pm. Where were Tom and Jim this morning?"

    ~~~

    3. "Where are Tom and Jim usually in the morning?"
    4. "Where are Tom and Jim in the morning, usually?"

    When you change the regular word order, you emphasize the word that is our of order. In sentence 4., the word “usually” is out of word and is emphasized. If you need more examples, please feel free to ask.

    Hirashin, I have a tricky one for you. Do these sentences have the same meaning?

    5. “He left happily.
    6. “Happily, he left.”
     
  5. mdchachi

    mdchachi Moderator
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    Yes this is fine. As Buntaro said Where are Tom and Jim in the morning is ok depending on the context. But usually there would be some qualifier like "usually" or "every" or "this."
     
  6. hirashin

    hirashin Sempai
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    Thanks for the further help, mdchachi and Buntaro.

    That question is from one of the textbooks we use. I asked here because I guessed both "are" and "were" could be used on context. 

    I know the difference of them. Happily in #5 modifies the verb "left". So it is calld a "word-modifying adverb (語修飾副詞)". The one in #6, on the other hand, modifies the whole sentence. So it is called a "sentence-modifying adverb (文修飾副詞)".
     
  7. Buntaro

    Buntaro 運動不足

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    Who is happy in #5?
    Who is happy in #6?

    (And it is better to say, "I know the difference between them.)
     
  8. hirashin

    hirashin Sempai
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    In #5, he was happy while in #6 I was/am happy.
     
  9. Buntaro

    Buntaro 運動不足

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    Correct!
     

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